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Criminal forfeiture: Property subject to forfeiture

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 207.420. Criminal Forfeiture

In Nevada, if an individual is found guilty of a racketeering crime, Nevada Law provides a list of property that can be forfeited if any property was derived from, through, or used or intended for use in the course of the racketeering activity.  This includes title to property, proceeds, property or contractual rights, or positions or offices.

What is Racketeering Activity?

In Nevada, Nev. Rev. Stat. § 207.400 makes it a crime to use or invest any proceeds derived from racketeering activity to obtain property, interest, employment, or anything of value.  The specific statutory language of Nev. Rev. Stat. § 207.360 defines “crimes related to racketeering”:

“Crime related to racketeering” means the commission of, attempt to commit or conspiracy to commit any of the following crimes:

  1. Murder;
  2. Manslaughter, except vehicular manslaughter described in NRS 484B.657;
  3. Mayhem;
  4. Battery which is punished as a felony;
  5. Kidnapping;
  6. Sexual assault;
  7. Arson;
  8. Robbery;
  9. Taking property from another under circumstances not amounting to robbery;
  10. Extortion;
  11. Statutory sexual seduction;
  12. Extortionate collection of debt in violation of NRS 205.322;
  13. Forgery, including, without limitation, forgery of a credit card or debit card in violation of NRS 205.740;
  14. Obtaining and using personal identifying information of another person in violation of NRS 205.463;
  15. Establishing or possessing a financial forgery laboratory in violation of NRS 205.46513;
  16. Any violation of NRS 199.280 which is punished as a felony;
  17. Burglary;
  18. Grand larceny;
  19. Bribery or asking for or receiving a bribe in violation of chapter 197 or 199 of NRS which is punished as a felony;
  20. Battery with intent to commit a crime in violation of NRS 200.400;
  21. Assault with a deadly weapon;
  22. Any violation of NRS 453.232, 453.316 to 453.3395, inclusive, except a violation of NRS 453.3393, or NRS 453.375 to 435.401, inclusive;
  23. Receiving or transferring a stolen vehicle;
  24. Any violation of NRS 202.260, 202.275 or 202.350 which is punished as a felony;
  25. Any violation of subsection 2 or 3 of NRS 463.360 or chapter 465 of NRS;
  26. Receiving, possessing or withholding stolen goods valued at $650 or more;
  27. Embezzlement of money or property valued at $650 or more;
  28. Obtaining possession of money or property valued at $650 or more, or obtaining a signature by means of false pretenses;
  29. Perjury or subornation of perjury;
  30. Offering false evidence;
  31. Any violation of NRS 201.300, 201.320 or 201.360;
  32. Any violation of NRS 90.570, 91.230 or 686A.290, or insurance fraud pursuant to NRS 686A.291;
  33. Any violation of NRS 205.506, 205.920 or 205.930;
  34. Any violation of NRS 202.445 or 202.446;
  35. Any violation of NRS 205.377;
  36. Involuntary servitude in violation of any provision of NRS 200.463 or 200.464 or a violation of any provision of NRS 200.465; or
  37. Trafficking in persons in violation of any provision of NRS 200.467 or 200.468.

 

Property Subject to Criminal Forfeiture under Nev. Rev. Stat. § 207.420

Any property that is derived from the proceeds of the racketeering activity at issue is subject to criminal forfeiture under Nevada law.  If that property cannot be reached, the court can order other property of the defendant to be forfeited.

The specific statutory language of Nev. Rev. Stat. § 207.420 provides:

  1. If the indictment or information filed regarding a violation of NRS 207.400 alleges that real or personal property was derived from, through, or used or intended for use in the course of the unlawful act and the extent of that property:

(a) The jury; or

(b) If the trial is without a jury, the court,

shall, upon a conviction, determine at a separate hearing the extent of the property to be forfeited.  If the indictment or information does not include such an allegation, the property is not subject to criminal forfeiture.

  1. The property subject to criminal forfeiture pursuant to subsection 1 includes:

(a) Any title or interest acquired or maintained by the unlawful conduct;

(b) Any proceeds derived from the unlawful conduct;

(c) Any property or contractual right which affords a source of influence over any enterprise established, operated, controlled, participated in or conducted in violation of NRS 207.400;

(d) Any position, office, appointment, tenure or contract of employment;

(1) Which was acquired or maintained in violation of NRS 207.400;

(2) Through which the convicted person conducted or participated in the conduct of such unlawful affairs of an enterprise; or

(3) Which afforded the convicted person a source of influence or control over the affairs of an enterprise which the convicted person exercised in violation of NRS 207.400;

(e) Any compensation, right or benefit derived from a position, office, appointment, tenure or contract of employment that accrued to the convicted person during the period of unlawful conduct; and

(f) Any amount payable or paid under any contract for goods or services which was awarded or performed in violation of NRS 207.400.

(3) If the property which is ordered to be criminally forfeited pursuant to subsection 1:

(a) Cannot be located;

(b) Has been sold to a purchaser in good faith for value;

(c) Has been placed beyond the jurisdiction of the court;

(d) Has been substantially diminished in value by the conduct of the defendant;

(e) Has been commingled with other property which cannot be divided without difficulty or undue injury to innocent persons; or

(f) Is otherwise unreachable without undue injury to innocent persons,

the court shall order the forfeiture of other property of the defendant up to the value of the property that is unreachable.

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